Politics and Government

    Entries drawn from collection & document descriptions

Letters from James Buchanan to Unknown Recipients
1840-1855

Senator James Buchanan writes four letters on a number of different topics, including Congressional legislation on bankruptcy, banks, the Tariff bill, the 1844 Democratic National Convention in Baltimore, and political conditions in Pennsylvania. Buchanan, as the United States Minister to the...

"Salutatory Oration: Extent of the Duty of Obedience," by George Coffey
July 9, 1840

George Alexander Coffey prepared this oration, entitled "Salutatory Oration: Extent of the Duty of Obedience," for the commencement ceremonies held July 9, 1840. Authoring an original speech was among the graduation requirements for Dickinson College seniors at that time. Transcript included....

Letter from Roger B. Taney to James Paulding
August 17, 1840

Supreme Court Chief Justice Roger Brooke Taney writes to James K. Paulding, Secretary of the Navy, about the application of the late Levin Gale's two sons.

Location: I-Friends-1983-14

Subject: Military Affairs and Conflict, Politics and Government

Format: Letters/Correspondence

Time Period: 1840-1859

Letters from James Buchanan to Edward D. Gazzam
1840-1842

Senator James Buchanan writes three letters to Edward D. Gazzam regarding political maters in Pennsylvania as well as the national level. Democrats will "leave the Whig party to themselves" because, as Buchanan explains, "this party contains within itself the seeds of its own destruction."...

Location: MC 1998.10

Subject: Politics and Government

Format: Letters/Correspondence

Time Period: 1840-1859

Letter from James Buchanan to A. B. Cummings
December 17, 1840

Senator James Buchanan (Class of 1809) writes to lawyer A. B. Cummings regarding his initial non-compliance with a request from the latter. Buchanan believes the "business had all been arranged" but will "call at the Department without delay" if he is mistaken.

Location: I-AsbellY-2003-14

Subject: Politics and Government

Format: Letters/Correspondence

Time Period: 1840-1859

Letter from John Tyler to Henry Wise
January 1, 1841

Vice President-elect John Tyler writes Representative Henry A. Wise to discusses several political issues, including the sanctity of party pledges, the character of President-elect William Henry Harrison, and the uncertainty as to the makeup of the new cabinet. Harrison "will be President... in...

Location: I-SpahrB-1952-5

Subject: Politics and Government

Format: Letters/Correspondence

Time Period: 1840-1859

Letter from Roger B. Taney to J. Mason Campbell
January 18, 1841

Supreme Court Chief Justice Roger Brooke Taney writes J. Mason Campbell to defend a decision he made as Acting Secretary of War (June - August 1831) during President Andrew Jackson's administration. "When I acted as Secretary of War, I was [also] in office as Attorney General," and as Taney...

Location: I-SpahrB-1965-12

Subject: Legal Affairs, Personal and Family Life, Politics and Government

Format: Letters/Correspondence

Time Period: 1840-1859

Letter from Roger B. Taney to David Hoffman
March 1, 1841

Supreme Court Chief Justice Roger Brooke Taney writes to David Hoffman and explains why he must "decline taking any part in matters" relating "to the mission to Austria." While Taney would prefer to meet with Hoffman to discuss this issue, he notes that there is too much "business on the court...

Location: I-SpahrB-1965-3

Subject: International Affairs, Politics and Government

Format: Letters/Correspondence

Time Period: 1840-1859

Letter from James Buchanan to C. W. Gooch
May 7, 1841

Senator James Buchanan (Class of 1809) writes to Colonel C. W. Gooch, thanking the latter for procuring four James River and Kanawha Bonds on his behalf. Buchanan also extolls Virginia Senator William Henry Roane, calling him an "honest, independent & high-souled patriot" who embodies the "...

Location: I-AsbellY-2003-9

Subject: Economics and Finance, Politics and Government

Format: Letters/Correspondence

Time Period: 1840-1859

"Tyranny of Public Opinion," by Henry B. Harnsberger
July 8, 1841

Henry B. Hamsberger prepared this oration, entitled “Tyranny of Public Opinion," for the commencement ceremonies held July 8, 1841. Authoring an original speech was among the graduation requirements for Dickinson College seniors at that time. Transcript included.

Location: Orations-1841-H291t

Subject: Politics and Government, Social Reform and Advocacy

Format: Speeches and Sermons

Time Period: 1840-1859

Letter from James Buchanan to  Stimpson Woodward
August 20, 1841

Senator James Buchanan writes to Stimpson Harvey Woodward, an entrepreneur in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, regarding Whigs politics and the Bank of the United States. Buchanan, a Democrat from Pennsylvania, claims that "the truth is the Whig party have never acquired power without abusing it."...

Location: I-Friends-2007-2

Subject: Business and Industry, Economics and Finance, Politics and Government

Format: Letters/Correspondence

Time Period: 1840-1859

Letter from James Buchanan to J. C. Plumer
August 26, 1841

Senator James Buchanan writes to J. C. Plumer regarding the fate of a Bank Bill that the House of Representatives had recently approved. "We shall show it off in its naked deformity before it passes the Senate," as Buchanan observes. Buchanan also discusses the support for Democratic...

Location: MC 1998.10, B1, F26

Subject: Business and Industry, Economics and Finance, Politics and Government

Format: Letters/Correspondence

Time Period: 1840-1859

Letter from James Buchanan to Ross Wilkins
November 19, 1841

Senator James Buchanan writes to Ross Wilkins a letter reflecting upon Michigan's establishment of the "Wild cat" banking system, which "was one great cause of its prostration." Buchanan also comments on the possibility of a conflict with the United Kingdom if " the States repudiate [their]...

Letter from James Buchanan to M. S. Blackman
November 29, 1841

Senator James Buchanan defends his position as a candidate for President and discusses Pennsylvania's important role in national politics. "I have never yet deemed myself a candidate for the highest office, nor have I considered it," as Buchanan tells M. S. Blackman. Transcript included.

Location: MC 1998.10, B1, F27

Subject: Politics and Government

Format: Letters/Correspondence

Time Period: 1840-1859

Journal of Charles Collins
1842-1864

Charles Collins records his thoughts and activities from his time at Emory and Henry College in Emory, Virginia, to his years as president of Dickinson College in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, and then as the head of State Female College in Memphis, Tennessee. The entries from the 1860s refer to the...

Report of Henry Clay’s speech on the Webster-Ashburton Treaty by Unknown Author
1842

This report by an unknown author discusses and provides a summary of the key points in Senator Henry Clay's speech on the Webster-Ashburton Treaty. This report notes how "[Clay] believed in the sincerity of the professions of the British Govt" and that "nothing but the greatest evil could result...

Location: I-SpahrB-1950-2

Subject: International Affairs, Military Affairs and Conflict, Politics and Government

Format: Reports

Time Period: 1840-1859

Letter from Richard Rush to Lewis Cist
January 27, 1842

Richard Rush responds to a request for his autograph as well as any letters he may have from past governors or senators from Pennsylvania for possible publication. "In regard to letters of any of the past governors or senators of [Pennsylvania], I fear that I shall scarcely be able to furnish...

Location: I-BeachW-1983-6

Subject: Politics and Government

Format: Letters/Correspondence

Time Period: 1840-1859

Letter from James Buchanan to Thomas Brice
February 26, 1842

Senator James Buchanan writes to Thomas Brice regarding how society values "mechanicks" and argues against cutting the salaries of members of Congress. Buchanan explains that Brice "underrates the estimation in which our mechanicks are held." "I know no man who now holds a more influential...

Location: MC 1998.10, B2, F1

Subject: Business and Industry, Politics and Government

Format: Letters/Correspondence

Time Period: 1840-1859

Letter from James Buchanan to George McClellan
February 27, 1842

Senator James Buchanan responds to Dr. George McClellan's request for his son to receive an appointment as a cadet, possibly to West Point. "I have not interfered either directly or indirectly, in any appointment since Mr. Van Buren retired; but if I have a right to nominate a cadet, your son...

Location: MC 1998.10, B2, F1

Subject: Military Affairs and Conflict, Politics and Government

Format: Letters/Correspondence

Time Period: 1840-1859

Letter from Andrew Jackson to J. Southall
April 1, 1842

Former President Andrew Jackson writes J. Southall to discus a letter that President John Tyler wrote to a "Govr. Branch" and explain what he believes the United States policy should be towards Great Britain. "It behoves [President Tyler] to meet now...

Location: I-SpahrB-1953-12

Subject: International Affairs, Politics and Government

Format: Letters/Correspondence

Time Period: 1840-1859

Letter from James Campbell to Reah Frazer
April 1, 1842

Postmaster General James Campbell writes to Reah Frazer, an attorney in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, about various political issues and James Buchanan as a possible candidate for a future Presidential election. "I should like very much to go up to Lancaster and see Mr. Buchanan" and "have a...

Location: I-SpahrB-1958-3

Subject: Politics and Government

Format: Letters/Correspondence

Time Period: 1840-1859

Letter from James Buchanan to James McLanahan
June 22, 1842

Senator James Buchanan writes to James X. McLanahan, a member of the Pennsylvania State Senate, regarding how postmasters are appointed and removed, Pennsylvania politics, and the apportionment bill. "Now the power of removal rests with the President alone; and this he has already exercised," as...

Location: MC 1998.10, B2, F1

Subject: Politics and Government

Format: Letters/Correspondence

Time Period: 1840-1859

"National Ingratitude," by John R. Pattison
July 14, 1842

John Richard Pattison prepared this oration, entitled “National Ingratitude," for the commencement ceremonies held July 14, 1842. Authoring an original speech was among the graduation requirements for Dickinson College seniors at that time. Transcript included.

Location: Orations-1842-P321n

Subject: Politics and Government

Format: Speeches and Sermons

Time Period: 1840-1859

Letter from James Buchanan to P. G. Washington
October 18, 1842

Senator James Buchanan responds to P. G. Washington's request for a recommendation for a political appointment. "I have recommended no friend for office," as Buchanan explains, "since the present administration came into power." Transcript included.

Location: MC 1998.10, B2, F2

Subject: Politics and Government

Format: Letters/Correspondence

Time Period: 1840-1859

Letter from James Buchanan to Benjamin Champneys
January 13, 1843

Senator James Buchanan writes Benjamin Champneys, a Pennsylvania State Senator, to thank him for his help "in rescuing me from the hands of the Philistines" and to discuss several political issues. "I never believed until the present moment that I had the personal good will of nearly all the...

Location: MC 1998.10, B2, F4

Subject: Politics and Government

Format: Letters/Correspondence

Time Period: 1840-1859

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