1820-1839

    Entries drawn from collection & document descriptions

Engraving of the Public Square in Carlisle
1838

A hand-colored engraving of the Public Square in Carlisle in 1838. The caption reads: "As seen on entering from the east. On the left are the Court House, Town Hall, and Methodist Church, on the main street. On the right, in the foreground, is St. John's Episcopal Church, and on the other corner...

Location: I-Original-1838-1

Subject: Carlisle and Cumberland County

Format: Engravings and Illustrations, Maps and Diagrams

Time Period: 1820-1839

Letter from James Buchanan to Thomas J. Randolph
February 20, 1838

Senator James Buchanan writes to Thomas J. Randolph providing details about the Sub-Treasury Bill, including the relation to a Government Bank, as well as predicting that the bill "will pass the Senate by a majority of two votes." Transcript included.

Location: MC 1998.10, B1, F20

Subject: Economics and Finance, Politics and Government

Format: Letters/Correspondence

Time Period: 1820-1839

Letters from James Buchanan to Joel R. Poinsett
1838-1839

Senator James Buchanan writes two letters to Secretary of War Joel R. Poinsett regarding the appointment of William S. Ramsey as a paymaster in the US Army and issues with how Ordnance Department grants contracts. Transcripts included.

"Encouragement Due to Worth and Genius," by William Woodward
July 19, 1838

William Woodward prepared this oration, entitled “Encouragement Due to Worth and Genius," for the commencement ceremonies held July 19, 1838. Authoring an original speech was among the graduation requirements for Dickinson College seniors at that time. Transcript included.

Location: Orations-1838-W899e

Subject: Education, Social Reform and Advocacy

Format: Speeches and Sermons

Time Period: 1820-1839

"Mental and Moral Effects of the Mathematics," by John A. Wright
July 19, 1838

John A. Wright prepared this oration, entitled “Mental and Moral Effects of the Mathematics," for the commencement ceremonies held July 19, 1838. Authoring an original speech was among the graduation requirements for Dickinson College seniors at that time. Transcript included.

Location: Orations-1838-W951m

Subject: Education

Format: Speeches and Sermons

Time Period: 1820-1839

"The Effect of the Doctrines of Christianity on the Progress of Philosophy," by James Thompson
July 19, 1838

James Thompson prepared this oration, entitled “The Effect of the Doctrines of Christianity on the Progress of Philosophy," for the commencement ceremonies held July 19, 1838. Authoring an original speech was among the graduation requirements for Dickinson College seniors at that time....

Location: Orations-1838-T473e

Subject: Education, Religion and Spirituality

Format: Speeches and Sermons

Time Period: 1820-1839

"Venice," by Amos Slaymaker
July 19, 1838

Amos Slaymaker prepared this oration, entitled "Venice," for the commencement ceremonies held July 19, 1838. Authoring an original speech was among the graduation requirements for Dickinson College seniors at that time. Transcript included.

Location: Orations-1838-S631v

Subject: International Affairs, Travel and Tourism

Format: Speeches and Sermons

Time Period: 1820-1839

Letter from James Buchanan to Charles Daveis
July 23, 1838

Senator James Buchanan thanks Charles S. Daveis for his "very kind" letter and notes that he has not received "a single copy of the Report." Buchanan also mentions Maine Governor Edward Kent and edits to a document in which "the province of Quebec"was substituted for that of Nova Scotia in the...

Location: MC 1998.10, B1, F21

Subject: Business and Industry, International Affairs, Politics and Government

Format: Letters/Correspondence

Time Period: 1820-1839

Letter from James Buchanan to Reuel William
September 18, 1838

Senator James Buchanan writes to Senator Reuel William regarding the 1838 gubernatorial election in Pennsylvania between Joseph Ritner and David Porter. Transcript included.

Location: MC 1998.10, B1, F21

Subject: Politics and Government

Format: Letters/Correspondence

Time Period: 1820-1839

Letters from James Buchanan to Aaron Vail
1838, 1849

Two letters from James Buchanan to American diplomat Aaron Vail regarding relations with the United Kingdom and the "perfect chaos" of the United States' consular system. Transcripts included.

Location: MC 1998.10

Subject: International Affairs, Politics and Government

Format: Letters/Correspondence

Time Period: 1820-1839, 1840-1859

Letter from James Buchanan to James A. Caldwell
December 22, 1838

Senator James Buchanan writes to James A. Caldwell and offers job advice. "I fear you are about to abandon your noble, safe & prudent position without necessity," as Buchanan explains. Transcript included.

Location: MC 1998.10, B1, F21

Subject: Politics and Government

Format: Letters/Correspondence

Time Period: 1820-1839

Letter from Henry Logan to Martin Van Buren (Draft)
January 18, 1839

Pennsylvania Representative Henry Logan's draft of his response to a dinner invitation from President Martin Van Buren for January 23, 1839.

Location: I-LoganH-1968-1

Subject: Personal and Family Life, Politics and Government

Format: Letters/Correspondence

Time Period: 1820-1839

Letter from John Durbin to C. Walborn
February 18, 1839

Dickinson College President John P. Durbin writes C. A. Walborn regarding the case of a Mr. Dodge. "If I can extract any information" from Mr. Dodge, Durbin explains that "I shall have to tell him that we do not consider the case closed at all." Durbin also notes that he is recovering from an...

Location: I-SpahrB-1966-5

Subject: Legal Affairs, Personal and Family Life

Format: Letters/Correspondence

Time Period: 1820-1839

Letter from James Buchanan to Robert Lamberton
March 23, 1839

Senator James Buchanan is interested in learning more about "the early history of my father," James Buchanan, Sr., and writes Robert Lamberton to ask for help. "Your father is the only gentleman I know who can furnish me this information," as Buchanan explains. Transcript included.

Location: MC 1998.10, B1, F22

Subject: Genealogy and Family History

Format: Letters/Correspondence

Time Period: 1820-1839

Letter from James Buchanan to Garret Wall
May 2, 1839

Senator James Buchanan (Class of 1809) writes to General Garret D. Wall regarding the education of his orphaned niece Harriet R. Lane, whom he raised.

Location: I-AsbellY-2002-70

Subject: Education, Personal and Family Life

Format: Letters/Correspondence

Time Period: 1820-1839

Synopsis of the Birds of Pennsylvania compiled by Spencer F. Baird
June 10, 1839

"Synopsis of the Birds of Pennsylvania" compiled by Spencer F. Baird from John James Audubon, Alexander Wilson, and Nuttal in Carlisle, Pennsylvania. Includes sections on land and water birds.

Location: I-Original-1839-4

Subject: Science and Technology

Format: Reports

Time Period: 1820-1839

"Formation of Female Character," by John O. Proctor
July 11, 1839

John O. Proctor prepared this oration, entitled “Formation of the Female Character," for the commencement ceremonies held July 11, 1839. Authoring an original speech was among the graduation requirements for Dickinson College seniors at that time. Transcript included.

Location: Orations-1839-P964f

Subject: Education, Social Reform and Advocacy

Format: Speeches and Sermons

Time Period: 1820-1839

"Inequalities of Human Condition," by John Lyon
July 11, 1839

John Lyon prepared this oration, entitled “Inequalities of the Human Condition," for the commencement ceremonies held July 11, 1839. Authoring an original speech was among the graduation requirements for Dickinson College seniors at that time. Transcript included.

Location: Orations-1839-L991i

Subject: Education, Social Reform and Advocacy

Format: Speeches and Sermons

Time Period: 1820-1839

"The Congress of Panama," by James G. Hamilton
July 11, 1839

James G. Hamilton prepared this oration, entitled “The Congress of Panama," for the commencement ceremonies held July 11, 1839. Authoring an original speech was among the graduation requirements for Dickinson College seniors at that time. Transcript included.

Location: Orations-1839-H218c

Subject: International Affairs, Politics and Government

Format: Speeches and Sermons

Time Period: 1820-1839

Letter from Thomas Williams to C. B. Penrose
October 9, 1839

William Thomas (Class of 1825) writes to Carlisle lawyer C.B. Penrose, discussing the "election of our entire ticket" and analyzing opposition towards "Loco Focos," a faction of the Democratic party, as well as abolitionists.

Location: I-SpahrB-undated-54

Subject: Carlisle and Cumberland County, Politics and Government

Format: Letters/Correspondence

Time Period: 1820-1839

Letter from John Quincy Adams to the Union Philosophical Society
November 25, 1839

Former President and Representative John Quincy Adams writes to members of a committee of Union Philosophical Society (UPS) members and declines an invitation to deliver an address before a joint meeting of the Belles Lettres and Union Philosophical Society at Dickinson College. The members of...

Letter from John Zug to Margaret Hood
December 16, 1839

John Zug (Class of 1837) writes to his girlfriend, Margaret Hood, and describes his first days of work as a lawyer. Zug explains that his colleagues are "ungodly men, not only irreligious, but most of them profane." Zug is happy, however, to have recovered from a recent fever. Transcript...

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