"A Soldier’s View of Their Dedication," by John Hays II
September 17, 1904

John Hays II reads this poem on September 17, 1904 while at the dedication of a monument to the 130th Regiment of Pennsylvania Volunteers on the battlefield at Antietam in Maryland.

"After the Battle: The Bloody Lane, Antietam" (Photograph of the Painting)
August 28, 1889

This image is a photograph of a painting by Captain James Hope.

The caption reads: AFTER THE BATTLE. “Blood Lane, Antietam.” From the Original Painting by Cpt. James Hope, From a Sketch Taken by Him on the Spot.

"The American Civil War and the Effect on Dickinson College Enrollment," by Christine Line
May 9, 2001

Christine Line's paper studies the effect of the Civil War on enrollment demographics at Dickinson College, specifically regarding students’ states of origin and graduation rates per region.  Line also discusses the rebound in enrollment that occurs after the Civil War. This essay is from an...

Address to Reunion of the 130th Pennsylvania by John Hays II

A speech by John Hays II to his former comrades in the 130th Regiment of Pennsylvania Volunteers, remarking on the Regiment’s “nine months’ trip from Harrisburg back to Harrisburg,” which was “full of tragedy and suffering with interludes that were jolly and jovial.” Hays specifically mentions...

Address to the "Association" by John Hays II

A speech by John Hays II to the “Association,” presumably a reunion group of the 130th Regiment of Pennsylvania Volunteers. Hays recalls the Regiment’s involvement in the Battle of Antietam and offers his opinion on American intervention in World War I. W.F. Sadler, a local judge, is then...

Broadside of "Special Order, No. 1"
September 15, 1862

General John F. Reynolds issues this order on September 15, 1862 to provide instructions related to the Army's impressment of horses owned by civilians. C. Kingsbury Jr. is the Assistant Adjutant-General.

The order reads: I. Hereafter no Horses will be Impressed into the Service...

Carlisle Herald, "Proclamation by the Governor"
September 11, 1862

The Carlisle Herald publishes Pennsylvania Governor Andrew G. Curtin's proclamation on September 11, 1862 in which he calls for "able-bodied loyal men of Pennsylvania" to join military companies in response to the threat of Confederate forces at Hagerstown, Maryland. "By authority of...

Eli Slifer Papers
1849 - 1871

Eli Slifer was a prominent businessman who was responsible for the recruitment and supplying of regiments from Pennsylvania during the Civil War. His letters contain his personal, as well as business correspondence with family, friends, business partners, military officials, and even Governor...

James Alexander Streams Papers

James Alexander Streams served with Company A of the 61st Pennsylvania Infantry. He was with the regiment from their enlistment in 1861, until his discharge in the fall of 1864. During that time, Streams, as well as the 61st PVI, fought in most of the major engagements of the Army of the Potomac...

John Black in Uniform, 1862

John Black Jr., a member of the class of 1862, serves as First Sergeant of Company C, 122nd Pennsylvania Infantry in 1862. He takes part in the Battles of Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville.

John Hays II Commission, First Lieutenant of Volunteers
August 17, 1862

This certificate from the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania appoints John Hays II as the First Lieutenant of Company A, 130th Pennsylvania. The promotion is effective as of August 17, 1862. Eli Slifer, the Secretary of the Commonwealth, signed the certificate on October 29, 1862.

John Hays II, 1862
December 1862

View of John Hays II (Class of 1857) in December 1862. He is wearing his officer's uniform with the 1st Lieutenant insignia. The photograph is from C. L. Lochman's studio in Carlisle, Pennsylvania.

John Taylor Cuddy Papers
June 1861 - April 1864

John Taylor Cuddy was born on October 17th, 1844 to the Cuddy family of Carlisle, Pennsylvania. At the onset of the American Civil War, Cuddy joined the local unit known as the “Carlisle Fencibles”. The Fencibles became Company A of the 7th Pennsylvania Reserves (PVRC), also known as the 36th...

John White Geary, 1862

John White Geary was a Union general during the Civil War, and later served two terms as Governor of Pennsylvania. This postage-stamp sized photograph was probably held in a small wooden case at one time.

Leave of Absence for John Hays II
December 21, 1862

This order ("Special Order 96") provides Lieutenant John Hays II with six days of leave in order to "obtain officer's and regiment's property" that is stored in Washington D.C. and Harper's Ferry, West Virginia. The letter is written and signed by the Chief of Staff of the Second Corps, J. H....

Letter from Herman Johnson to Andrew Curtin
September 15, 1862

Dickinson College President Herman Johnson writes to Pennsylvania Governor Andrew Curtin (Class of 1837) and requests the release of Dickinson College students from military service so that they could return to Carlisle and continue their studies. At the height of the threat of a Confederate...

Letter from Jacob Bretz to George Bretz
October 8, 1862

Jacob Bretz tells his son about news of Carlisle during the Civil War and specifically mentions people that George knew. He also notes those soldiers from Carlisle who have been killed or wounded. He recounts that 30,000 “raw Milicia” were sent through Carlisle on the Cumberland Valley Railroad...

Mustering in Papers for Lt. John Hays II
August 1, 1862

The mustering papers for Lieutenant John Hays II (Class of 1857), who mustered in on August 1, 1862, in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. Captain W. B. Lane of the 3rd US Cavalry signs this document, which allows Hays to muster in more recruits to William Porters Company of Pennsylvania Volunteers. The...

Robert Hays's Appointment as Quartermaster Sergeant
November 27, 1862

This certificate shows that Robert Hays' promotion to Quartermaster Sergeant of the 158th Pennsylvania Infantry is effective on November 27, 1862. This document is signed by Col. M'Kibben.

Robert Hays, 1862

View of Robert Blaine Hays, the oldest son of John Hays I and Ellen Blains, in 1862. The photograph is from J. E. McClees' studio in Philadelphia.  Robert Hays serves as Quartermaster Sergeant of the 158th Pennsylvania during the Civil War. Robert's younger brother, John Hays II (Class of 1857...

Thomas William Dick Papers
August 1861 - May 1864

Thomas William Dick served with Company H, 12th Pennsylvania Reserves from 1861-1864. He fought through all of the major battles of the 12th as they campaigned through Virginia, Maryland, and Pennsylvania.  Many of the engagements are mentioned in the letters, all of which were written by Dick...

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